Certain types of molds like Stachybotrys chartarum (“black mold”) produce mycotoxins, which can cause serious health problems when they are continuously inhaled by people living in homes, apartments, condos, or other spaces. However, with prolonged exposure almost any type of mold can cause health problems.
Common symptoms of long-term exposure to toxic mold include:
- Respiratory Symptoms: asthma, difficulty breathing, respiratory infections, wheezing, chronic cough, bronchitis, chest pain,
- Sinus Problems: sinus pain or pressure, mucus build-up, nose bleeds,
- Allergic Reactions: Hives, rashes, skin reactions,
- Other Immune Responses: chronic fatigue, nausea, cognitive impairment, headaches, bleeding.
The symptoms of toxic mold exposure vary, but they are more likely to be severe in people with certain conditions:
- Pre-existing Respiratory Conditions: environmental allergies, chemical sensitivities, or asthma,
- Compromised Immune Systems: people on immuno-suppressing medications, chemotherapy patients, or with immuno-compromising condition (e.g. lupus, HIV),
- High-Risk Groups: infants, young children, and older persons.